Some of the Best Trekking Routes of Nepal :::


For the people in the hills of Nepal, walking has always been the main method of getting from A to B. There were no roads leading into the hill country from the Terai or India until the Tribhuvan Highway to Kathmandu was constructed in the 1950s. Pokhara was not connected to the outside world by road until the 1970s. Even today the vast majority  of villages can only be reached on foot, although every year the road penetrate farther into Nepal’s endless ranges of hills.
The Nepali people, making their way from village to village on the well-worn trials, were only joined by Western visitors when Himalayan mountaineering came into vogue. It was the accounts of those pioneering mountaineers, who had to make their way to the base of the great peaks on foot, that inspired the first trekkers. The word ‘trekking’ was first applied to Nepali hiking trips in the 1960s and the enormous popularity of trekking today has developed since that time.
Trekking in Nepal means a walking trip following trials, many of which have been used for centuries. It is not mountaineering, although some of the popular trekking trials are used by mountaineering expeditions on their approach marches. Their length varies – there are popular treks around the Kathmandu and Pokhara valleys that only take a day and others that last a week or a month. You could even string a series of popular treks together and walk for months on end.
There is no question that Nepal offers some of the most spectacular and beautiful scenery in the world. Nepal has a near monopoly on the world’s highest peaks – eight of the ten highest are found here. A number of the popular trekking routes offer you wonderful views of these peaks and some visit the base camps used by mountaineering expeditions. Mountain flights may give you superb views, but there is absolutely nothing like waking up on a crystal-clear Himalaya day and seeing an 8000m peak towering over you.
The snowcapped mountains may be the most obvious scenic attraction, but there are plenty of other treats for the eye. A typical trek climbs out of the subtropical lowlands of terraced fields, oak and chestnut, through whistling stands of pine and forest of stately rhododendrons, until emerging through stunted birch or juniper into the treeless alpine  zone at the foot of the great peaks.
Trekking in Nepal is not like hiking through an uninhabited national park. Local people are constantly passing by on the trials, usually carrying extraordinarily heavy loads of unexpected items. And along many routes there are regularly spaced villages in which to pause and find shelter. In the villages you can meet people from a diversity of ethnic groups. The warm, outgoing nature, general friendliness and good humour of Nepalis is often noted by trekkers. Religious festivals can make trekking even more enjoyable and interesting.

EVEREST BASE CAMP TREK:
            Everybody knows of Mt Everest and that’s the simple reason why the Everest Base Camp Trek is so popular. The trek has a number of stunning attractions; not least of these is being able to say you’ve visited the highest mountain in the world. In addition there’s the spectacular scenery and the outgoing Sherpa people of the Solu Khumbu, the region where Mt Everest and its attendant lesser peaks are located.
            It's not until you get right onto the Solu Khumbu region that the Everest trek really gets interesting. The first part of the trek is not only a hard slog, but is also pretty sparse in the breathtaking-views department. The trek doesn't follow valleys as the Annapurna treks do. Instead the Everest trek cuts across the valleys. So for day after day it's a tiring process of dropping down one side of a steep valley and climbing up again on the other. By the time you reach the base camp your ascents will total almost 9000m – the full height of Everest from sea level.
            The Everest trek starts in Nepali-speaking Hindu lowlands and ends in the Tibetan-Buddhist highlands where the Sherpas are renowned for their enterprise, hard work, civic responsibility and devotion to the practice of Buddhism. In their often inhospitable land, the potato, a relatively recent introduction, is the main crop, but these days trekking and mountaineering are the backbone of the Sherpa economy. More than half the population in the region is now involved with tourism and Namche Bazaar looks more like an alpine resort than a Sherpa village.

 

ANNAPURNA CIRCUIT TREK:
            Since it opened to foreign trekkers in 1977, the trek around Annapurna has become the most popular trek in Nepal. It passes through country inhabited by a wide diversity of peoples, it offers spectacular mountain scenery and it goes to the north of the main Himalayan range to the dry Tibet-like trans-Himalaya. It also has the advantage of having accommodation available each night.
            The circuit is usually walked counter-clockwise due to the steepness of the track to the Thorung La. For many people, this is too much to manage in one day. The Thorung La at 5416m is often closed due to snow from mid-December to mid-March and bad weather can move in at any time. The trial to Thorung La can be hard to find when covered in snow. Trekkers should be prepared to turn back due to the weather and altitude. Porters must be adequately equipped for severe cold and snow.
            After you cross the Thorung La from Manang to Muktinath, the final seven days of the circuit trek are the same as the Jomsom Trek from Pokhara, but in reverse. Completing the Annapurna Circuit in 16 days allows for only one rest and acclimatization day at Manang. It's very easy to slot a few additional days into the schedule.

ANNAPURNA SANCTUARY TREK:
            At one time this trek was a real expedition into a wilderness area, but now there is a string of lodges that operate during the trekking season. The return trip can take as little as 10 or 11 days but its best appreciated in 14 days. The walk to the base camp can be tacked on as a side trip from the Jomsom or Annapurna Circuit Treks.
            There are several possible routes to the sanctuary, all meeting at Chhomrong. The diversion from the Jomsom and Annapurna Circuit Treks is made from near Ghorapani to Ghandruk
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